In simple cases individual tests can be run by simply loading the page in a browser window. For running larger groups of tests, or running tests frequently, this is not a practical approach and several better options exist.
From the Command Line
The simplest way to run tests is to use the
wpt run command from the
root of the repository. This will automatically load the tests in the
chosen browser, and extract the test results. For example to run the
dom/historical.html tests in a local copy of Chrome:
./wpt run chrome dom/historical.html
Or to run in a specified copy of Firefox:
./wpt run --binary ~/local/firefox/firefox firefox dom/historical.html
edge is also supported, and if you have a sauce labs
account, any browser can be run using product
sauce. For details on
how to pass information to sauce, including credentials see
--help. That also details a large number of other options for
customising the test run.
From Inside a Browser
Tests that have been merged on GitHub are mirrored at http://w3c-test.org/
For running multiple tests inside a browser, there is a test runner
This allows all the tests, or those matching a specific prefix
(e.g. all tests under
/dom/) to be run. For testharness.js tests,
the results will be automatically collected, while the runner
provides a simple UI for manually comparing reftest rendering and
running manual tests.
Note, however, it does not currently handle more complex reftests with more than one reference involved.
Because it runs entirely in-browser, this runner cannot deal with edge-cases like tests that cause the browser to crash or hang.
Writing Your Own Runner
Most test runners have two stages: finding all tests, followed by executing them (or a subset thereof).
To find all tests in the repository, it is strongly recommended to
use the included
wpt manifest tool: the required behaviors are more
complex than what are documented (especially when it comes to
precedence of the various possibilities and some undocumented legacy
ways to define test types), and hence its behavior should be
considered the canonical definition of how to enumerate tests and find
their type in the repository.
For test execution, please read the documentation for the various test types
very carefully and then check your understanding on
the mailing list or IRC (webclient, join
#testing). It’s possible edge-case behavior isn’t properly